Inverter Based Generators 25 kW and Smaller
This document contains the interconnection requirements for inverter based generators, 25 kW and smaller, that operate in parallel with the Tillamook People’s Utility District distribution system.
Effective Date — May 24, 2017
Revised – January 10, 2023
Customer-owned generators may be operated in parallel with Tillamook People’s Utility District (“Company”) distribution system pursuant to an Interconnection Agreement, provided that the generator and Interconnection Equipment meets the requirements of this policy, subject to all applicable statutory and regulatory requirements.
This procedure sets forth the minimum interconnection requirements, application process and procedures for connection and safe operation of generators in parallel with the Company’s distribution system.
This document sets forth the requirements for interconnection of Customer-owned, single and three phase inverter based generation equipment, up to an aggregate of 25 kW alternating current (AC), based on the nameplate(s), that operates in parallel with the Company’s distribution system. Connections will be at the available service voltage. The rules of federal, state or local regulatory agencies shall take precedence over these requirements. If this document does not comply with any federal, state or local regulation, then this document is superseded by the applicable regulation.
The safety of the general public, Company employees and equipment shall in no way be reduced or impaired as a result of the interconnection. In general, the Customer’s facilities will be held to the same standard of care that the Company is required to maintain.
1.4 Application Process
The steps in the process to interconnect a generator to the Company’s distribution system are:
- Contact the Company’s designated representative and request interconnection information, including rules, rate options, guidelines and an application.
- Complete the application form, including information about the proposed system and send it to the Company representative.
- A permit from Tillamook County is required for installation of a PV system. Contact the County Building Dept. for more information.
- After review and approval of the application, installation may begin. Once the installation is complete, contact the Company representative to let him/her know your installation is complete.
2.0 Right to Disconnect
The Company may disconnect generation equipment from the distribution system for any of the following conditions:
- Expiration, termination or lack of approved interconnection agreement.
- Unauthorized paralleling of generation equipment with Utility system.
- Non-compliance with the technical requirements.
- System emergency.
- Situations when continued interconnection endangers persons or property.
- Routine or emergency maintenance, repairs or modifications to the distribution system.
- Failure of Customer to comply with any existing or future regulations, rules, orders or decisions of any governmental or regulatory authority having jurisdiction over the Customer’s electric generating equipment or the operation of such equipment, which failure of compliance would place in jeopardy the personnel, or property, or service capability of the Company, or would pose a threat of sanction or liability to the Company in the event that it continued interconnection.
- Adverse effect of Customer’s generation to the Company’s other electric consumers and/or system as determined by the Company.
3.0 Modifications to Company or Customer Facilities
The Customer may be responsible for the cost of modifications that must be made by the Company on its distribution system in order to interconnect the generation.
4.0 Customer Responsibilities
4.1 Operations and Maintenance
The Customer is solely responsible for proper operation of the customer’s generation facilities.
4.2 Energizing Dead Circuits
The Customer shall not energize a de-energized Company distribution circuit
UL 1741 – 2010, UL Standard for Inverters, Converters, Controllers and Interconnection System Equipment for Use with Distributed Energy Resources.
IEEE Std. 1547-2003, IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems.
Appendix A – Net Metering Requirements
Tillamook PUD customers that install renewable energy systems are eligible for Net Metering for up to 25 kW of generation. The net usage is the amount of energy used minus the amount produced. If the amount produced is greater than the amount used at any particular time, the Utility Meter will credit the Customer’s account for the amount of energy being fed back into the system. This credit does not reflect total energy generated, as the energy produced is first utilized by the Customer to offset total energy consumption. The most common Net Metering situation is when a residential customer installs roof top solar panels that connects to the utility grid through an inverter to convert the DC electricity generated to AC. A manual AC lockable disconnect switch is required by the utility, which also serves as a visible open point. The manual AC lockable disconnect switch shall be installed at a PUD approved, readily accessible location within 10 feet of the utility meter. Exceptions may be made for the 10-foot requirement at the discretion of Tillamook PUD Engineering Department. It is recommended to install the manual AC lockable disconnect switch between the solar inverter and any load panels within the system to insure that essential loads are not disconnected from utility source when generation is disconnected by the provisions set forth in section 2.0. A remote disconnect switch or remote shutdown button that operates via a signal to a motor operated disconnect or transfer switch does not satisfy the requirements for a manual AC lockable disconnect switch. The AC disconnect shall be labeled ‘AC DISCONNECT’ with an engraved placard permanently fixed to the disconnect. The meter base shall be labeled ‘BIDIRECTIONAL NET METER’ with an engraved placard permanently fixed to the Meter Base. See Figure 1 for a typical installation diagram.
Figure 1 – Typical Photovoltaic System
Optional: If the Customer wishes to monitor the amount of power produced, a PV Generation Meter may be requested. The Customer will be required to install a utility-approved meter base at an acceptable location, and Tillamook PUD will supply the PV Generation Meter at no cost and no monthly charges. The Customer may monitor the amount of power produced on an hourly basis by logging in to their account through Smarthub (go to www.tpud.org for more information on Smarthub). Without the extra meter the Customer is only able to view net usage on the Utility Meter. Net usage will only provide the Customer with the total energy generated in excess of energy consumed.
If the solar inverter also serves Customer load, the PV generation meter will not capture the uses of the load served by the solar inverter. If a generation meter is installed, the generation meter base shall be labeled ‘GENERATION METER’ with an engraved placard permanently fixed to the generation meter base.
Prior approval by Tillamook PUD Engineering is required before connecting an energy producing facility to the power system. A Tillamook PUD Application for Operation of Customer-Owned Generation is included as Appendix B. This document can be downloaded from the Tillamook PUD website (www.tpud.org).
Appendix B – Application
The generator-owner shall complete this application. A one-line diagram of the proposed system must be included with the application.
Appendix C – Interconnection Requirements
C.1 General Interconnection Requirements
The Customer’s generation facilities shall meet the technical requirements as prescribed in this Appendix. The Company reserves the right to impose additional requirements as necessary; additional requirements will be made a part of the interconnection agreement.
C.2 Customer’s Equipment and Interconnection Standards
The Customer’s generation and interconnection installation must meet all applicable federal,state, and local construction and safety codes.
The Customer shall be responsible for the design, installation, operation and maintenance of all equipment and facilities installed or that will be installed on the Customer’s side of the point of interconnection. Such design shall meet the requirements of IEEE 1547, UL 1741, the NEC, other national codes and any local codes pertaining to the design and construction of electrical facilities. The facility shall be subject to the requirements of all authorities having jurisdiction and shall comply with all applicable codes and ordinances.
C.3 Protection of Customer’s Equipment
The Customer will be responsible for protecting its generating equipment in such a manner that distribution system outages, short circuits or other disturbances do not damage the Customer’s generating equipment.
C.4 Voltage Regulation
Unless otherwise specified by the applicable regulatory authority, the Customer will operate generating equipment within the ranges specified by ANSI C84.1 Table 1, Range A, measured at the point of interconnection. On a 120 volt basis, this range is 114-126 volts.
C.5 Requirements for Units 25 kW or Less
Inverter based units shall be marked as meeting the requirements of UL 1741.
C.6 Metering Requirements
Appendix A outlines the Net Metering requirements.
Appendix D – Definitions
Company –Tillamook People’s Utility District; Tillamook PUD
Customer – Customer, its agent, partner or other entity located on the customer’s premise connected to the Company’s distribution system for the purpose of receiving and/or exporting electric power through the Company’s distribution system.
Distribution System – The Company’s wires, equipment and facilities, with a voltage 24.9 kV and below, to which the generation equipment is interconnected.
Interconnection Agreement – The document that sets forth the contractual conditions under which the Company and a Customer agree that a facility may be interconnected with the Company’s distribution system.
Interconnection Equipment – All equipment installed solely to interconnect and exchange power between the Customer’s generation facility and the Company’s distribution system.
Parallel Operation – The operation of electric generation connected to the utility electric distribution system.
Point of Interconnection – The point of connection of the Customer’s service equipment to the utility electric system.
Power Delivered – Energy supplied by the utility to the Customer (generator-owner).
Power Received – Energy supplied by the Customer (generator-owner) to the utility.